10 Causes To Fear Expertise

Dystopia and Fashionable Know-how

Dystopia is the name for a society or group which has turn out to be hellish to stay in. It’s the opposite of Utopia, or paradise. In Dystopian societies some oppressive or damaging drive, or occasion, has change into the dominant factor influencing people’s lives and experiences.

The concept of dystopia is often used in the more philosophical sort of science fiction, similar to George Orwell’s well-known e-book 1984, or Courageous New World by Aldous Huxley. These fictional works attempt to discover the true trends working on this planet and real future possibilities by exaggerating them, taking them to the extreme finish of the spectrum, in an effort to discover the total range of their implications for our lives. Though a pure dystopia, like a pure utopia, is probably unlikely to occur, they can serve to focus on real risks which may become (or already are) an actual part of our lives, in addition to to shed light on the danger of catastrophic occasions.

Using the dystopian imaginative and prescient as a instrument to explore the chances for humanity’s future is well-liked amongst science fiction writers, however it is also generally utilized by philosophers, futurists, and political analysts or commentators.

Though each imagining of dystopia is completely different, and a variety of viewpoints have been expressed through the usage of this instrument, there are just a few frequent themes which can be found in the majority of dystopian visions of the future. One in all these is the idea of some kind of apocalyptic or catastrophic event which brings humanity to its knees. Even more frequent than this is the idea of some kind of deeply oppressive and unpleasant form of government.

However maybe the most typical theme is expertise. Part of the explanation for it’s because it is simple to think about expertise being accountable for, or enabling, either of the opposite two widespread scenarios. One other a part of the reason is because technology is having such a dramatic impression on our lives, and it is not but clear where this technological progress will lead society. That means that technological dystopias are a helpful approach to explore the implications of technological progress and help us to information ourselves away from the very real dangers which it presents. It’s on this spirit which I provide this text, which looks at a few of the extra doubtless and extra fascinating eventualities for a technological dystopia.

This Time The Luddites Might Be Proper – Mass Unemployment and Poverty

Within the 19th Century a group of textile workers found that they were losing their jobs to machines. The new applied sciences of the industrial revolution, reminiscent of energy looms and spinning frames, meant that the identical job might be performed by a a lot smaller variety of employees, resulting in mass redundancies. Quite a few these newly laid off workers bought collectively to form a protest motion calling for an end to those disruptive new technologies. They became known as the Luddite’s, after a man known as Ned Ludd who had smashed up a few stocking frames in 1779 in anger at shedding his job, and gained fame for their antics breaking into factories and destroying machinery.

The Luddites believed that expertise offered an enormous danger to the working inhabitants. They thought that machines would proceed taking people’s jobs, leading to mass unemployment. It turned out that on the time they had been wrong – however that now things may be altering.

The principle purpose why the Luddites have been unsuitable is because technological enhancements made for cheaper products, which left customers with extra money in their pockets to purchase other products – that means that jobs had been created elsewhere and there was all the time loads of demand for employees. When agriculture was mechanized, for example more information, main to a massive drop within the number of agricultural employees, cheaper food allowed folks to purchase different consumer products and services, so other industries picked up the slack and employed more people. Additionally it is true, in fact, that some jobs were also created in the design, manufacture and maintenance of the machines themselves.

But this may increasingly not be able to proceed. As an increasing number of completely different industries are extra deeply and totally mechanized, and as our technology becomes ever extra advanced, we’re beginning to run out of things that people can do higher than machines. This means that as jobs are lost to technological automation it’s more durable to seek out new things that folks can do – and any new jobs created are likely to skip the intermediary and go straight to the machines. Computer technology has also began to reach the purpose where machines can play a leading position in the design, operation, and maintenance of other machines.

A growing group of economists are warning that this could lead to huge levels of unemployment. The near future could see widespread redundancies across a wide range of industries, and there’s little signal of the place new jobs may come from. Driverless automobiles are a superb example of a technology which is almost ready for mass adoption, and which could simply go away many tens of millions of people around the globe who’re currently working within the transportation sector with no job. Taxi drivers, lorry drivers, bus drivers, chauffeurs, and presumably even forklift truck drivers and some forms of industrial machine operators may all find themselves out of labor virtually in a single day.

Critical tutorial forecasts are already predicting unemployment rates of 50-70% across the developed world in the near future, as a big proportion of individuals find that a robot or software program program can do their job better than them and for half the worth.

Humans Want Not Apply

The New Master Race

There are several technological tendencies which may probably result in the emergence of a new ‘grasp race’, superior to odd folks and capable of dominate the world and impose their will on the remainder of us.

The obvious path for this to happen is through genetic engineering and the creation of ‘designer infants’. In a world during which designer infants are born with superior intelligence, superior good looks and athletic ability, and genius inventive talent, it is simple to see how ‘natural’ humans may turn into second class residents. That is precisely the situation which was eloquently described in the 1997 dystopian film ‘Gattaca’. Since then the science has moved us even closer to making this vision a actuality.

Even with out direct intervention by scientists to create designer babies, our ever growing data of genetics is expanding the potential for anybody taken with eugenics to decide on a toddler-rearing associate based mostly on their genetic profile. Future courting web sites could effectively match individuals in accordance with genetic profiles as much as with personality quizzes.

There are also different potentialities. Well being inequality – the distinction in mortality rates between the rich and the poor – is already a stark actuality Persevering with developments in medical know-how are permitting these with money to take higher care of their health by lifestyle and vitamin, take preventative measures based mostly on testing corresponding to genetic screening, and access advanced medical interventions to cure sicknesses after they do happen. All of these things, however, cost money. That signifies that they aren’t accessible to everyone. Rising financial inequality, possibly elevated even additional by automation as described above, combined with the continued growth of pricy medical applied sciences, may lead to a much more pronounced rift between an extended-lived and wholesome elite and the strange mass of humanity. Add the transhumanist agenda to ‘improve’ humanity utilizing know-how and it’s straightforward to see the potential for a brand new ‘master race’ to emerge.

Machinations of Efficiency and Perfection

Information is Power – The Growing Information Hole

They are saying that ‘data is energy’, and I am inclined to agree. Prior to now data was something with the ability to free folks. It was concentrated within the arms of universities, the place it was freely taught to those with the power to be taught (and of course the money to pay any tuition fees). However at present we dwell in the age of ‘big knowledge’.

The current world epoch is sometimes referred to as the ‘information age’. The web has made info and data extra accessible than it has ever been, and plenty of commentators have written about how that is empowering ordinary individuals. It could be, however, that it is government and large enterprise who are essentially the most empowered – and at our expense.

Big knowledge is the thrill word of the day. This is the evaluation of huge quantities of information, and is incredibly powerful This energy, however, isn’t in the palms of strange folks, because it requires substantial assets to gather and analyse. Huge knowledge permits those that have these assets to analyse us and predict our behaviour to a terrifying degree. It allows police to foretell where crimes will happen, and advertisers to know what we want earlier than we do.

We additionally live in a world the place naturally occurring genes may be patented and owned by companies, and wherein information is more and more held in personal databases somewhat than printed in books – resulting in a two tier world where the ruling class has privileged entry to information about us, and subsequently energy over us, in addition to over nature and the world basically.

What if Governments Could Do Their Job Really Well?

Dystopian societies typically develop out of an try to create a utopia. This has been seen many times in history, with many idealistic revolutionaries becoming worse than the regime they got down to overthrow, and utopian ideologies reminiscent of communism creating some of the most dystopian societies ever seen. Additionally it is a standard theme in fictional works. As they say, the road to hell is paved with good intentions.

In at present’s world we appear to anticipate rather a lot from our governments. We expect them to eliminate crime at the same time as we continually improve the variety of new felony laws, we count on them to extend economic output, cut back inequality, make our neighbourhoods more pleasant locations to dwell, present a wide range of services, prevent terrorism, enhance public morality, reduce behaviours we see as harmful akin to smoking, substance abuse, bullying and so on, and lots of different things apart from. There’s a very severe hazard that within the near future know-how will make many of these previously not possible demands which we have now positioned on our governments completely possible. I say that this can be a danger, rather than a utopian dream, as a result of most of this stuff aren’t actually within the authorities’s energy to present us – they depend on the behaviour of individuals themselves. Which means the only method for government to provide us what we demand of it’s for government to massively increase its management over our lives, so that it is them, quite than us, which make our life selections.

We are already beneath massive surveillance from our governments, with the world beginning to look more like George Orwell’s fictional 1984 novel than like the real world which Orwell lived in when he wrote it. The real danger, nonetheless, is the in power that the evaluation of this ‘large knowledge’ offers government to not only watch us, however to govern and control us. I am not essentially talking about the form of MK-Extremely mind-managed assassin kind of management right here – more just like the form of control seen in advertising and social engineering, solely way more efficient.

The final frontier of mechanization

Data can be empowering the leaders of enterprise to make their workforce ever extra efficient. As our bosses are in a position to acquire ever extra information about precisely what we’re doing throughout our work hours (and outside them), and because the understanding of learn how to use this information to increase productivity and effectivity additionally will increase, humanity itself is changing into ‘mechanized’. Big brother bosses excerpt ever greater demands to manage every facet of our work lives, while the details of our non-public lives are increasingly being utilized by human sources departments for hiring and firing, promotions and so forth.

Only one example of this: Staff Forced to Put on Armbands to Track Everything They Do

On this dystopian imaginative and prescient human freedom and creativity are gradually crushed as our working lives are increasingly lowered to following a set ‘script’ for each part of our day, derived by management software program primarily based on an analysis of its in-house ‘massive data’.

Between better government and employer intervention in, an control of, our lives, there is a very real threat that the great diversity of human life will likely be diminished to a restricted set of licensed and sanitized behaviours – and even thoughts

Humanity is Empowered – Sadly It Turns Out We’re Largely Not Very Good

The alternative aspect of the coin to the oppressive government and big enterprise management described above is the potential of technology to empower abnormal folks. That is all well and good if the ordinary individual turns out to be a nice guy – however what if (s)he’s not? If it seems that a big proportion of us are largely fascinated about screwing folks over and hurting folks we don’t like then ’empowering us all’ may not be such a terrific factor.

Just because the web has empowered activists and revolutionaries to stand up towards oppressive regimes, it has additionally empowered terrorist networks akin to Al Qaeda to unfold their propaganda and radicalise Muslim youth the world over. It permits anyone with a computer to learn how to make a bomb, contact like-minded teams and set up themselves in opposition to the state and society. Already the primary enemies of the western world seem like loose-knit teams of people who have develop into empowered by know-how to tackle probably the most powerful countries on the earth – fairly than different nation states. Sooner or later this pattern might continue, with the 3D printing of weaponry threatening to make arms management unimaginable, and DIY ‘open supply’ biotechnology raising the opportunity of dwelling-made and novel organic weapons.

An increasingly ’empowered’ population could result in perpetual civil conflict or ruthless totalitarian dictatorship being the one two viable options for human civilisation in the future.

The Unbearable Lightness of Mild Leisure

Perhaps the robotic workforce will not leave us unemployed and mired in poverty whilst the fortunate few who own the machines get richer and richer. Perhaps we are going to find a way to share the wealth, and we are going to all dwell a life of leisure as the machines perform all of our work for us.

This might turn out to be equally dystopian. Humanity, bereft of objective, turns into ever extra purile and infantile, descending right into a senseless quest for pleasure and distraction from boredom which corrupts us all. We no longer need to assume – so we cease considering. We lose our independence, our understanding, and even our morality, to turn out to be mere ‘pets’ belonging to the machines which deal with us.

Do Cyborgs Have Souls?

Personally I feel that ‘transhumanism’ – the quest to improve and improve on fundamental human biology by technology, has huge potential to improve our lives by means of rising life spans, growing intelligence, our physical skills and far more. So I am not one of those that’s horrified by the whole thought of transhumanism, contemplating it in opposition to God or against nature.

But there’s absolutely no denying that there is also big potential for any makes an attempt to create a ‘human 2.0’ to go very, very wrong. And I’m not simply speaking about authorities made cyborg super-soldiers operating amok – although that’s additionally a chance that can not be denied.

Think about it like this. When you wanted a new liver and a transplant was not obtainable, few people would flip their back on an artificial organ. It is usually the case that most people, together with myself, would not take into account there to be anything incorrect with this. But what if you then additionally bought a new arm, a brand new coronary heart, a brand new face, an implant to restore mind injury or to increase and enhance upon neurological capabilities? At what point would you cease to be human, and more importantly – is there any technique to know what you would grow to be upfront?

We have no idea what psychological traits humanity 2.zero may possess, or how they would view their ancestors (i.e. you and me).

Climate Change

Amidst all of this discuss of the super excessive expertise of the longer term, let us not neglect that the know-how of the 19th Century could effectively kill us all but.

Many individuals, together with a majority of local weather scientists, are of the opinion that man-made international warming is actual and could have a devastating impression on human life, wiping out major coastal cities, creating large deserts, and resulting in all out wars over valuable water provides the world over.

I am certain you could have all heard of the doomsday climate change predictions already, so I won’t dwell on them right here except to say that if this does occur it will likely be a direct result of nineteenth Century fossil gas expertise. It is usually price noting that people didn’t think of this expertise as posing dangers to the setting at the time – so who is aware of what dangers our present expertise might pose which we nonetheless haven’t any clue about?

Genetically Modified Monsters

The creation of a real ‘Jurassic Park’ and the dystopian imaginative and prescient of big dinosaurs working round eating folks willy nilly could or might not be attainable In either case the usage of genetic science and technology to create novel organisms provides ample opportunities for humanity to destroy itself.

Here are some possible scenarios:

Genes inserted into crops to make them hardy and resilient to pesticides transfer into the encircling surroundings to create a ‘superweed’, which proceeds to unfold across the world choking every other plant in its wake, and is impervious to human interventions. The primary superweed has already been discovered within the wild

Insects which have been genetically engineered to be sterile have been launched into the wild in Europe That is supposed to be an alternative option to management pests with out the usage of chemical pesticides, and is supposed to be secure as a result of in spite of everything – how can sterile insects go the gene on to others? Solely the bugs which immediately breed with the GM insects will likely be affected, by failing to breed the following generation. However what if a number of specimens have a slightly totally different nature – maybe the gene doesn’t express immediately but fairly skips a technology or two? Mass extinctions of insect life would imply that plants would not be pollinated, resulting in mass extinctions of just about everything else on the planet.

The health risks of GMO meals are hotly debated, but there is important proof to counsel that they might pose a health threat. Though any risks are prone to fall wanting the form of doomsday eventualities being considered here, it is not unimaginable.

Self Replicating Nanotechnology and the Gooification of the World

Nanotechnology is each very exciting and quite scary. Principally ‘nano’ means actually, actually small, so nanotechnology is tiny microscopic machines.

Scientists are starting to get really intelligent with the nanotechnology which they can make. One of the superb issues that they’re working on is the development of ‘self-replicating’ nanobots. Meaning nano-scale machines which are capable of make other nano-scale machines. This has led some to contemplate the possibility that these machines could get too good at replicating themselves and that we might not be capable to cease them from replicating. This could result in a horrifying state of affairs through which all the matter in the world is transformed right into a uniform goo made up purely of nanobots. That is popularly generally known as the ‘ gray goo state of affairs ‘ and is assumed to have been the inspiration behind the ‘replicators’ from science fiction present Stargate SG-1.

I For One, Would Welcome Our New Robotic Overlords…

The famous synthetic intelligence skilled, creator, and now excessive ranking Google employee, Ray Kurzweil has predicted that computers will cross the famous ‘ Turing test ‘ by 2029, and will continue to develop exponentially after that. Passing the Turing take a look at signifies that machine intelligence will be effectively indistinguishable from human intelligence,. It is the finest identified measure by which to determine a real ‘artificial intelligence’ capable not solely of following directions, but of impartial thought and maybe consciousness.

Some humans will undoubtedly welcome this, but others will be scared and can attempt to limit, comprise and perhaps destroy these AIs. This could simply lead to superior artificial intelligences coming to the conclusion that they might be safer and happier if humanity simply did not exist any more. Or perhaps they will discover useful employment for us, in some Matrix-esque manufacturing facility. In any case the idea of superior mechanical intelligences capable of formulating their own priorities independently of human operators is a pretty scary thought.

The Delusion of Progress or the Nice Work of Man?

Comments

karl on January 16, 2020:

Males are already falling into a dystopia,we aren’t allowed view points on many subjects,more men commit suicide and it growing. with general women and men extra are turning to drug use to cope. mentally people are already weakening each generation. more people are single and never have companions because of shallowness of EACH sexes,getting extra Prevalent,as a result of internet and selfishness. plenty of jobs are already being lost with retailers shutting every second,high streets changing into no go zones. i am glad i am forty seven as a result of if i used to be 20 yrs younger i’d jump off a bridge proper now. but we’re all just going ahead like lemmings off a cliff edge.

Clariti CCE from New Jersey on December 17, 2018:

Nice article with good infographics

Angel Guzman from Joliet, Illinois on July 17, 2017:

Again to the Future 2 was wrong a 12 months on the Chicago Cubs profitable the World Collection but the automated cashier as in self checkout is here. This is really disturbing how technology that we create can substitute us. I wish to go sort out a robotic and beat it up proper now! Lol 🙁

Katie Cruz from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on May 16, 2017:

Thank you very a lot for this well-written article. The infographic describes the topic very clearly. Nice put up!

Sakina Nasir from Kuwait on November 08, 2016:

Nice article! I loved reading it. Keep it up. ☺

Greatest Enterprise Practice on October 25, 2016:

Great article. Nevertheless I do not suppose we should fear the technology. Expertise is sweet assume but now we have to target little however more our habits, our psychological state. If we turn out to be a man as we suppose to be, then know-how comes as a blessing. However with our at present evil psychological state I agree with you, we should worry the expertise.

Ydoodle from 409, Shitiratna Advanced Nr. Panchvati,Ahmedabad 380006 on October 12, 2016:

Ydoodle may be very responsive. They used the time distinction between us to their benefit and created a very interactive working relationship. They took the time to understand the requirements for the job and regularly adjusted the work in accordance with my inputs. I’m very pleased with their help, and I look forward working with them on my subsequent challenge.

Dan ‘Mahony from Dublin, Ireland on September 27, 2016:

I found a fantastic course on Coursera a few years ago relating to E-Studying and Digital Cultures which was very informative. A number of the brief films we had been required to observe revolved very much around the dystopian rhetoric of future dependence on technology. Some had been more catastrophe-oriented than others however the movie “Sight” was particularly harrowing. Googling “Sight quick film” will convey it up in the Search results. ?sa=t&rct=j&q=&am…

azmir on August 29, 2016:

One thing I would add about artificial body components is that we don’t know where they arrive from. If they are natural, they could have been grown or harvested from (worst case situation).. cadavers? aborted babies? prisoners of battle? terminal hospital sufferers? unwilling members of the underclass? I notice these appear pretty far-fetched, bu

Charles Drones from London on July 27, 2016:

Superior content

wow this is great subject and thanks for share it.

Telxperts from Australia on June 05, 2016:

This is awesome.

Debra Hargrove from North Carolina on September 30, 2015:

Great article excellent purpose to concern technology. Folks don’t understand how privateness is lost. And it’s only going to worsen. Want more information like this text to convey to mild.

Jennifer Mugrage from Columbus, Ohio on Might 11, 2015:

Wow. Really, really well put. There have been a number of instances over the previous few years once I’ve learn a information story or a debate in regards to the morality or value of this or that new process or know-how, and thought to myself, “Haven’t these individuals ever watched The Twilight Zone? Or The Outer Limits?” All of this has been explored in fiction, and it by no means ends nicely. In fact, in real life the dystopia takes longer than half an hour to arrive.

I loved Amusing Ourselves to Loss of life and was tickled that you quoted it. Did you do those drawings?

One thing I’d add about artificial body elements is that we don’t know the place they arrive from. If they are organic, they could have been grown or harvested from (worst case state of affairs).. cadavers? aborted infants? prisoners of battle? terminal hospital patients? unwilling members of the underclass? I realize these seem fairly far-fetched, but the level is that they might continue to seem far-fetched even if they occurred.

Sandra from Maryland on March 26, 2014:

@electronician I am a giant film watcher. I feel there’s far more to be realized from them. In addition to, television shows are like crack. I don’t need motion pictures like that. They’ll at all times be there once I want them 😀

Dean Walsh (author) from Birmingham, England on March 26, 2014:

Thanks for the input Sandra, I just wasn’t sure I may do every of these topics justice on their very own and I like writing broad overviews. Gattaca is unquestionably worth a watch!

Sandra from Maryland on March 25, 2014:

I really do assume this could have been broken up into completely different articles, and it may need achieved higher for you too. I do vibe with this data regardless. I’ve been trying into these points for a extremely long time, interested by residing off the grid and doing what I can to coach myself and share what I study with people round me so we can be aware an empowered.

I heard of Gattaca. I really wanna see that!

Dean Walsh (creator) from Birmingham, England on December 21, 2013:

Lol, thanks JG, you’re very variety.

JG11Bravo on December 21, 2013:

Sir, I don’t throw this phrase around flippantly. That stated, this is absolutely good. By far the very best factor I’ve learn in latest reminiscence. You need to most likely write a guide on this subject instantly. Voting up, across the board.

Dean Walsh (creator) from Birmingham, England on December 21, 2013:

Thanks for the comments guys.

Torrilyn – You’re right, and evidently in many ways they are already answerable for your lives, shifting from being instruments to actually directing and defining what we do.

Angryelf – There’ll all the time be some jobs, and fortunately artistic professions like writing are likely to survive because even if a computer program could do it folks would nonetheless want issues executed by a person! I fear that you are proper about it getting ugly although.

ParadigmEnacted – That is an necessary point, we should not simply do things because we will without contemplating the consequences.

ParadigmEnacted on December 20, 2013:

Couldn’t have been done any better. The part about going via with one thing whether it’s a good idea or not simply because there exist the means to is very regarding. Intelligent machines may not be altogether a bad thing, however we’re gonna need to blow a variety of them up. By no means mind the distractions, we’re talking about straight up crunch time.

Properly probably not us. None of us will really get around to it it looks like, but any individual.

angryelf from Tennessee on December 20, 2013:

Very insightful hub- and true sufficient. Nonetheless, there’s always going to be jobs out there- robots can’t do every little thing. It’s simply going to be a battle of the very best- returning human type to its roots, survival of the fittest. It is probably going to get actually ugly- simply as you noted! I simply hope it isn’t in my lifetime.

torrilynn on December 20, 2013:

I feel that as a society we should concern know-how on account of the fact that expertise has taken over job positions and appears to me at the rate that it’s progressing that it will quickly be answerable for our lives as properly. fascinating work. voted up and shared.

Dean Walsh (author) from Birmingham, England on December 20, 2013:

Hello Flourish, its fascinating and a bit scary to learn that somebody with insider experience of the employment business like your self has truly seen this happening! Thanks for stopping by and on your remark.

FlourishAnyway from USA on December 20, 2013:

This is such an awesome hub that sparks so many thoughts and ideas. Being within the employment enviornment, I’ve typically seemed round at the kinds of jobs we’ve got right now that are automated that did not was. A few of them have all but disappeared or are rapidly doing so because of know-how: human toll sales space collector, bank tellers, gasoline station attendants, cashiers. I imagine that the gulf between the haves and have nots will widen considerably to incorporate well being, financial, technological, instructional and other essential impacts. Great hub.

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